The effects of infant massage on weight, height, and mother-infant interaction

Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2006 Dec;36(8):1331-9. doi: 10.4040/jkan.2006.36.8.1331.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effects of infant massage (auditory (mother's voice), tactile/kinesthetic (massage) and visual (eye to eye contact) stimulation) on weight and height of infant and mother-infant interaction with normal infants over a period of 4 weeks.

Method: This study was designed as a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The experimental group infants (aged 2-6 months) participated in one of the infant massage programs at the health district center for 4 weeks. The control group (N=26) was paired with the experimental group (N=26) by matching the infant's age and sex. Infant weight, height, and mother-infant interaction were measured two times and recordings of the mother-infant interaction were done using the video equipment in a room at the health center for 10 minutes.

Results: After 4 weeks of massage, there were no significant differences weight gain and height increase between the two groups. Comparison of the total scores for the mother-infant interaction between the two groups showed a significant difference (t=5.21, p=.000). There were also significant differences on maternal response (t=3.78, p=000), infant response (t=5.71, p=000) and dyadic response (t=4.05, p=000) in the mother-infant interaction between the two groups.

Conclusion: Overall, the results of this study reassure that infant massage facilitates the mother-infant interaction for infants and mothers who give massage to their baby.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Anthropometry
  • Body Height*
  • Body Weight*
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Child Development
  • Facial Expression
  • Female
  • Health Education / organization & administration*
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Behavior
  • Infant Care / methods
  • Infant Care / psychology
  • Male
  • Massage* / education
  • Massage* / methods
  • Massage* / psychology
  • Mother-Child Relations*
  • Mothers* / education
  • Mothers* / psychology
  • Nursing Evaluation Research
  • Object Attachment
  • Psychology, Child
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Temperament
  • Verbal Behavior
  • Videotape Recording