Organizational climate and occupational health outcomes in hospital nurses

J Occup Environ Med. 2007 Jan;49(1):50-8. doi: 10.1097/01.jom.0000251622.05429.0c.


Objective: The objective of this study was to determine relationships between organizational climate (OC) factors and occupational health outcomes (lost workdays, musculoskeletal injury, blood and body fluid exposures, injuries, and burnout) among hospital-based nurses.

Methods: Measures were obtained through a self-administered, anonymous survey distributed in 13 New York City hospitals. Multivariate models appropriate for clustered data were developed. These analyses controlled for nurse and employment characteristics. Independent effects of OC factors were examined.

Results: Surveys from 2047 predominantly registered nurses were obtained (response rate 50%). More than 75% reported lost workdays due to illness in the previous 4-month period and over one third reported experiencing some type of injury. OC factors were independently associated with injuries and measures of burnout (P < or = 0.05).

Conclusions: OC is significantly associated with the health and well-being of hospital nurses.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism*
  • Adult
  • Data Collection
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • New York City
  • Nursing Service, Hospital / organization & administration*
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / psychology
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupational Health / statistics & numerical data*
  • Organizational Culture