We designed and synthesized small-molecule mimics of an alpha-helical peptide protein transduction domain (PTD). These small-molecule carriers, which we termed SMoCs, are easily coupled to biomolecules, and efficiently deliver dye molecules and recombinant proteins into a variety of cell types. We designed the SMoCs using molecular modeling techniques. As an example of a protein cargo, we applied this new technology to the internalization of the DNA replication licensing repressor geminin, in vitro, providing evidence that extracellularly delivered SMoC-geminin can have an antiproliferative effect on human cancer cells. Uptake of SMoC-geminin was inhibited at 4 degrees C and by chlorpromazine, a compound that induces misassembly of clathrin-coated pits at the cell surface. Thus the mechanism of uptake is likely to be clathrin-mediated endocytosis.