Antihyperglycemic effects of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. extract on streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2007 Mar;62(1):7-11. doi: 10.1007/s11130-006-0034-4. Epub 2007 Jan 17.

Abstract

The root of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC has been reported to have a wide range of health benefits in oriental food. This study examined the hypoglycemic effects of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC aqueous-ethanol extract (PGE) in streptozotocin (STZ) -induced diabetic ICR mice (STZ diabetic mice) for the first time. The effects of PGE on blood glucose, plasma insulin levels and body weight were investigated. A significant decrease in blood glucose levels was observed after single administration of PGE. Furthermore, Glibenclamide and PGE significantly suppressed the rise in blood glucose after 30 min in the acute glucose tolerance test. Treatment with glibenclamide and PGE resulted in a reduction in blood glucose levels from the 2nd week, and this reduction was maintained until the 4th week of treatment. The body weight changed slightly in glibenclamide and PGE treated mice in comparison with the STZ control group. Plasma insulin levels were increased with glibenclamide treatment in STZ diabetic mice, whereas such effect was not observed with PGE. These results indicated that PGE could induce hypoglycemic effects without stimulating insulin secretion.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Area Under Curve
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Glyburide / therapeutic use
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Insulin / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Phytotherapy*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*
  • Platycodon / chemistry*
  • Random Allocation
  • Streptozocin / toxicity
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Insulin
  • Plant Extracts
  • Streptozocin
  • Glyburide