Role of adiponectin in the regulation of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism

J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006 Nov;57 Suppl 6:103-13.


Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived plasma protein, has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of fatty acid and glucose metabolism. Adiponectin enhances fatty acid oxidation both in skeletal and cardiac muscle as well as in the liver, thus reducing triglyceride content in these tissues. Moreover, it stimulates glucose uptake by skeletal and cardiac muscle, and inhibits glucose production by the liver; consequently decreasing blood glucose levels. This review focuses on the molecular mechanisms underlying adiponectin effects on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle and liver.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adiponectin / biosynthesis
  • Adiponectin / genetics
  • Adiponectin / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Myocardium / metabolism


  • Adiponectin