Bias in height and weight reported by Swedish adolescents and relations to body dissatisfaction: the COMPASS study

Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jul;61(7):870-6. doi: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602595. Epub 2007 Jan 17.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the size of biases in self-reported height, weight in a large sample of adolescents with special attention to possible effects of body dissatisfaction and to assess how such biases may influence estimates of overweight and obesity.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Unselected population from Southwestern parts of Stockholm County, Sweden.

Subjects: Two-thousand seven hundred and twenty-six boys and girls, 15 years of age.

Methods: Data were collected by a questionnaire answered by adolescents and a physical examination made by trained study nurses. A validated physical appearance scale and body silhouettes were embedded into the questionnaire.

Results: Obese boys under-reported their weight (5.2 kg) (95% confidence intervals (CI) 3.7; 6.6) more than obese girls (3.8 kg) (95% CI 1.8; 5.8). Agreement between self-reported and measured body mass index (BMI)-categories (obese, overweight and non-overweight/obese) as estimated by weighted kappa was 0.77 (95% CI 0.72; 0.82) for girls and 0.74 (95% CI 0.70; 0.79) for boys. For obese girls and boys sensitivity of self-reports were 0.65 (95% CI 0.47; 0.79) and 0.52 (95% CI 0.38; 0.66). Boys with low scores on the physical appearance scale under-reported their weight and BMI more than those with high scores. Boys and girls who wished to be leaner under-reported their weight and BMI more than subjects who were satisfied with their body size (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Thirty-five percent of obese girls and 48% of obese boys would remain undetected from self-reported data. Boys and girls who were dissatisfied with their physical appearance or size under-reported their weight more than satisfied subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Body Height / physiology
  • Body Image*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight / physiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obesity / psychology*
  • Psychology, Adolescent*
  • Self Concept*
  • Self Disclosure*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden
  • Weight Perception