Cloning and functional characterization of a novel mas-related gene, modulating intracellular angiotensin II actions

Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Oct;5(10):1477-87. doi: 10.1210/mend-5-10-1477.

Abstract

The mas oncogene codes for a GTP binding protein-coupled receptor that determines a physiological response to angiotensin when expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes or in the neuronal cell line NG115-401L. However, another gene, rat thoracic aorta gene, structurally related to mas, is devoid of any functional similarity with the angiotensin receptor(s). The relationships between the mas-related proteins and the angiotensin receptors were investigated by identifying and characterizing new members of the mas gene family. A new mas-related gene (mrg) was cloned in a human genomic library at low stringency using the mas cDNA as probe. Mrg codes for a seven-hydrophobic-segment receptor that is 35% identical to the mas product and 29% identical to the rat thoracic aorta gene product. Mrg mRNA was not detected in several rat and human adult tissues that normally express the angiotensin II (AII) receptor, and transfections of COS and CHO cells with the mrg gene did not modify the number of AII binding sites. These results indicate that mrg and the human AII receptor genes are not identical. However, injection of mrg mRNA into Xenopus oocytes markedly increased the electrophysiological response to angiotensin peptides, indicating some functional similarities with the mas product. The reduction of the response after defolliculation of the oocyte, together with the full agonist effect of Sar1IIe8AII and the partial agonist effect of Sar1Ala8AII, seem to indicate that mrg interacts with the signaling pathways of the endogenous Xenopus angiotensin receptor to potentiate the response to AII.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Angiotensin II / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Probes
  • Electrophysiology
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Genomic Library
  • Humans
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics*
  • Oocytes / drug effects
  • Oocytes / physiology
  • Poly A / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogenes*
  • RNA / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / genetics*
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / physiology
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Transcription, Genetic*
  • Transfection
  • Xenopus laevis

Substances

  • DNA Probes
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Angiotensin
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Angiotensin II
  • Poly A
  • RNA
  • GTP-Binding Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M64566
  • GENBANK/S77010
  • GENBANK/S77013
  • GENBANK/S77016
  • GENBANK/S77018
  • GENBANK/S77021
  • GENBANK/S77052
  • GENBANK/S77056
  • GENBANK/S78641
  • GENBANK/S78653