Background & aims: SPD476 (MMX mesalamine), a novel, once-daily mesalamine formulation, uses MMX Multi Matrix System (MMX) technology to delay and extend delivery of active drug throughout the colon. We performed a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, multicenter phase III study in patients with mild to moderately active ulcerative colitis.
Methods: Two hundred eighty patients with mild to moderately active ulcerative colitis received MMX mesalamine 2.4 g/day given twice daily (n = 93), 4.8 g/day given once daily (n = 94), or placebo (n = 93) for 8 weeks. The primary end point was the percentage of patients in clinical and endoscopic remission (modified ulcerative colitis disease activity index score of < or =1, with a score of 0 for rectal bleeding and stool frequency, and at least a 1-point reduction in sigmoidoscopy score) at week 8. Patients with mucosal friability were not considered to have achieved this end point.
Results: Clinical and endoscopic remission at week 8 was achieved by 34.1% and 29.2% of patients receiving MMX mesalamine 2.4 g/day given twice daily and MMX mesalamine 4.8 g/day given once daily, respectively, versus 12.9% receiving placebo (P < .01). MMX mesalamine was generally well-tolerated.
Conclusions: MMX mesalamine given once or twice daily is well-tolerated and, compared with placebo, demonstrated efficacy for the induction of clinical and endoscopic remission in mild to moderately active ulcerative colitis.