This study describes a survey of Ohio community mental health center psychiatrists' perceptions and practices regarding smoking cessation activities using the 5A's method of smoking cessation. Of the 150 psychiatrists surveyed, 80 (53%) were returned. The majority of psychiatrists reported asking their patients about cigarette smoking status as well as giving advice to quit. However, the practice of actually facilitating quit attempts (i.e. with social support, nicotine replacement therapy, referrals, and follow-up visits) was lacking. This demonstrates that although cigarette smoking in individuals with mental illness is recognized as a major problem by adult psychiatrists, too little is being done to adequately address the issue.