Uncoupling of 3T3-L1 gene expression from lipid accumulation during adipogenesis

FEBS Lett. 2007 Feb 6;581(3):469-74. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2007.01.007. Epub 2007 Jan 16.


Adipocyte differentiation comprises altered gene expression and increased triglyceride storage. To investigate the interdependency of these two events, 3T3-L1 cells were differentiated in the presence of glucose or pyruvate. All adipocytic proteins examined were similarly increased between the two conditions. In contrast, 3T3-L1 adipocytes differentiated with glucose exhibited significant lipid accumulation, which was largely suppressed in the presence of pyruvate. Subsequent addition of glucose to the latter cells restored lipid accumulation and acute rates of insulin-stimulated lipogenesis. These data indicate that extracellular energy is required for induction of adipocytic proteins, while only glucose sustained the parallel increase in triglyceride storage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • 3T3-L1 Cells
  • Adipocytes / cytology
  • Adipocytes / drug effects
  • Adipocytes / metabolism
  • Adipogenesis / drug effects
  • Adipogenesis / genetics*
  • Adipogenesis / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Gene Expression / drug effects
  • Glucose / pharmacology
  • Insulin / pharmacology
  • Lipid Metabolism* / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Pyruvic Acid / pharmacology
  • Triglycerides / biosynthesis


  • Insulin
  • Triglycerides
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • Glucose