The Purkinje cell projection from the cardiovascular region of sublobule b of the uvula (medial area of zone A) has been investigated using anterograde tracing methods in the rabbit. The importance of the integrity of the identified pathways in mediating the cardiovascular responses from the uvula has been studied in subsequent lesioning experiments. Wheat germ agglutinin-conjugated horseradish peroxidase or tritiated amino acids were microinjected into sublobule IXb. This resulted in anterogradely labelled Purkinje cell axons in both the inferior and superior cerebellar peduncle. In agreement with previous studies in rabbit we also found labelled fibres at the level of the fastigial nucleus and vestibular complex. However, the labelled fibres we observed in the parabrachial nucleus have not been reported in previous studies except in the prosimian primate. Projections from IXb showed terminal-like patterns of label in the ventromedial region of the caudal fastigial nucleus, the dorsal areas of the superior and inferior vestibular nuclei and in the medial and lateral divisions of the parabrachial nucleus. Labelled fibres were also seen coursing in the lateral vestibular nucleus. Lesioning experiments have revealed that the integrity of the superior cerebellar peduncle is essential for the expression of the cardiovascular responses (bradycardia and depressor response) elicited from the uvula in the anaesthetized rabbit. In contrast, the pattern of cardiovascular response evoked in a decerebrate rabbit (tachycardia and pressor response) was abolished when the inferior cerebellar peduncle was lesioned.