Effect of automobile exhaust on the distribution of trace elements and its modulation following Fe, Cu, and Zn supplementation

Biol Trace Elem Res. 1991 Oct;31(1):51-62. doi: 10.1007/BF02990359.


The effect of automobile exhaust on the distribution of trace elements with special reference to Pb and its modulation following Cu, Zn, and Fe supplementation, in mouse organs, has been studied using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence technique. Seven elements, namely K, Fe, Cu, Zn, Br, Rb, and Pb, were detected in all the organs. The maximum concentration of Pb was found in lungs followed by that in liver and kidney. The effect of automobile exhaust was found to be significant on the concentrations of Fe and Pb; their concentrations were found to increase in all the organs. However, the concentrations of Cu and Zn were found to be decreased significantly in the liver. In the animals given Fe, Cu, or Zn supplementation along with motor exhaust, the percentage change in the concentration of Pb in lungs was decreased, and that of Fe was increased significantly. In kidney, no significant change was observed for the animals given Cu and Zn, whereas for animals given Fe, the level of Pb decreased significantly. In liver, the reduction in the level of Zn in the exhaust-exposed animals was made up and the level of Pb was reduced following Zn supplementation. These results clearly indicate that Fe and Zn play an important role in Pb metabolism and tend to lower the absorption of Pb. The effect of Fe is more pronounced than that of Zn, whereas the effect of Cu seems to be insignificant.

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Animals
  • Bromine / pharmacokinetics
  • Copper / pharmacology
  • Food, Fortified
  • Iron / pharmacology
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Lead / pharmacokinetics
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Lung / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission
  • Trace Elements / pharmacokinetics*
  • Vehicle Emissions / adverse effects*
  • Vehicle Emissions / analysis
  • Zinc / pharmacology


  • Trace Elements
  • Vehicle Emissions
  • Lead
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Bromine