Effect of mitomycin-C on Human Foreskin Fibroblasts Used as Feeders in Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Immunocytochemistry MIB1 Score and DNA Ploidy and Apoptosis Evaluated by Flow Cytometry

Cell Biol Int. 2007 Mar;31(3):269-78. doi: 10.1016/j.cellbi.2006.11.006. Epub 2006 Nov 16.


Mitomycin C (MMC) treatment has been used to arrest cell proliferation but not much is known about the effect of MMC on human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF) used as feeders for human embryonic stem cells (hESC). We tested the ability of MMC to stop the proliferation of HFF and to induce apoptosis. MMC inhibited the proliferation of HFF at 10 microg/ml over 2.5h of MMC treatment showing a decrease in the proliferation index measured by Ki-67 and S and G2/M phases related to active HFF. A low percentage of cells showed necrotic or apoptotic features using different lengths of incubation. Over time, the majority of cells remained in a mitotically inactive state. The percentage of apoptotic cells increased from day 2 to day 10, at the same time as the necrotic ones increased. The HS181 hESC line grew in an undifferentiated state on inactive HFF throughout the study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Cell Cycle / drug effects
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Coculture Techniques / methods*
  • Embryonic Stem Cells / physiology*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Foreskin / cytology
  • Foreskin / drug effects
  • Foreskin / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Ki-67 Antigen / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mitomycin / pharmacology*
  • Ploidies*


  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Ki-67 Antigen
  • Mitomycin