Clinical and structural characteristics of periodontal tissues in young and old dogs

J Clin Periodontol. 1991 Sep;18(8):616-23. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051x.1991.tb00099.x.


The aim of this study was to examine some clinical and structural features of healthy periodontal tissues in young and old beagle dogs. The material consisted of 10 beagle dogs; group I (1-year old) and group II (8-9 years of age). All animals belonged to the same beagle dog colony and had been carefully monitored from birth. A given day was termed day 0 on which the teeth of all 10 dogs were scaled and polished and a 6-week period of enhanced plaque control was initiated. On day 42, clinical examinations were performed and biopsies obtained from the right mandibular 4th (4P) and 3rd (3P) premolar regions. The biopsies were prepared for histometric and morphometric analyses. Clinically, the lower premolars of the old but not the young dogs showed signs of marked wear. In the old dogs, the free gingival unit had a more curved and bulky appearance than in the young animals and in the old dogs, the free gingiva was consistently separated from the attached gingiva by a gingival groove. The histometrical dimensions of the free marginal gingiva and the width of the coronal portion of the periodontal ligament did not differ between the 2 groups of dogs. The apical cells of the junctional epithelium (aJE) in the young dogs were consistently located at the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ), whereas in the old dogs, aJE was consistently located apical to the CEJ.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Aging / pathology*
  • Alveolar Process / anatomy & histology
  • Animals
  • Collagen / chemistry
  • Connective Tissue / anatomy & histology
  • Dental Cementum / anatomy & histology
  • Dental Enamel / anatomy & histology
  • Dogs
  • Epithelial Attachment / anatomy & histology
  • Epithelium / anatomy & histology
  • Fibroblasts / cytology
  • Gingiva / anatomy & histology
  • Keratins / chemistry
  • Periodontal Ligament / anatomy & histology
  • Periodontium / anatomy & histology*
  • Periodontium / blood supply


  • Keratins
  • Collagen