Mosquito production from drains and catch basins in the cities of Vero Beach and Key West, FL were monitored from May 2004 through August 2005. A total of 48,787 mosquitoes were captured during the study. Of these, over 99% belonged to two species, Culex nigripalpus Theobald (2,630) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say (45,946). Other species collected included Culex restuans Theobald, Culex salinarius Coquillett, Aedes aegypti (L.), Aedes albopictus (Skuse), and Uranotaenia lowii Theobald. Significantly greater numbers of Cx. nigripalpus were collected at Vero Beach than at Key West, but no significant differences in numbers of Cx. quinquefasciatus and in total numbers of mosquitoes between the two cities were evident. Rainfall, salinity, type of structure, structure setting, and presence or absence of predators or competitors influenced the numbers of mosquitoes collected and/or the frequency of positive, negative, dry, or flooded samples.