Detection and quantification of glycosylated flavonoid malonates in celery, Chinese celery, and celery seed by LC-DAD-ESI/MS

J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Feb 21;55(4):1321-6. doi: 10.1021/jf0624796. Epub 2007 Jan 25.


A screening method using LC-DAD-ESI/MS was applied to the analysis of flavonoids in celery, Chinese celery, and celery seeds (Apium graveolens L. and varieties). Fifteen flavonoid glycosides were detected in the three celery materials. They were identified as luteolin 7-O-apiosylglucoside, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, apigenin 7-O-apiosylglucoside, chrysoeriol 7-O-apiosylglucoside, chrysoeriol 7-O-glucoside, and more than 10 malonyl derivatives of these glycosides. The identification of the malonyl derivatives was confirmed by their conversion into glycosides upon heating and by comparison of some of the malonates with malonates that had previously been identified in red bell pepper and parsley. The concentrations of the glycosides and the malonyl glycosides in the three materials were estimated by comparison to aglycone standards. This is the first report of the presence of these glycosylated flavonoid malonates in celery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Apium / chemistry*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Flavonoids / analysis*
  • Flavonoids / chemistry
  • Glucosides / analysis*
  • Glycosylation
  • Malonates / analysis*
  • Malonates / chemistry
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization


  • Flavonoids
  • Glucosides
  • Malonates