Local delivery of temozolomide by biodegradable polymers is superior to oral administration in a rodent glioma model

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2007 Oct;60(5):643-50. doi: 10.1007/s00280-006-0407-2. Epub 2007 Jan 26.


Purpose: Dose-limiting adverse effects of thrombocytopenia and leukopenia prevent augmentation of current temozolomide (TMZ) dosing protocols; therefore, we hypothesized that the direct intracranial delivery of TMZ would lead to improved efficacy in an animal model of malignant glioma in an animal model.

Methods: Temozolomide was incorporated into biodegradable polymers and the active drug was released over 80 h. Intracranial toxicity was assessed in F344 rats and a maximally tolerated dose was not achieved.

Results: In vivo drug biodistribution demonstrated that intracranial concentrations of TMZ increased threefold compared with orally delivered TMZ. In a rodent glioma model, animals treated with a single TMZ polymer (50% w/w) had a median survival of 28 days (P < 0.001 vs. controls, P < 0.001 vs. oral treatment), whereas animals treated with oral TMZ had a median survival of 22 days compared to control animals (median survival of 13 days). Animals treated with two TMZ polymers (50% w/w) had a median survival of 92 days (P < 0.001 vs. controls, P < 0.001 vs. oral treatment). The percentage of long-term survivors (LTS) for groups receiving intracranial TMZ ranged from 25 to 37.5%; there were no LTS with oral TMZ treatment. Animals treated with radiation therapy (XRT) and intracranial TMZ (median survival not reached, LTS = 87.5%) demonstrated improved survival compared to those with intracranial TMZ alone (median survival, 41 days; LTS = 37.5%), or oral TMZ and XRT (median survival, 43 days, LTS = 38.9%).

Conclusions: The survival of tumor-bearing animals was improved with local delivery of TMZ compared with systemic administration. XRT in combination with intracranial TMZ did not cause additional toxicity and prolonged the survival even further.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Biocompatible Materials / administration & dosage*
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Dacarbazine / administration & dosage
  • Dacarbazine / adverse effects
  • Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Dacarbazine / pharmacokinetics
  • Delayed-Action Preparations / administration & dosage
  • Drug Implants / administration & dosage
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Glioma / drug therapy*
  • Glioma / metabolism
  • Glioma / radiotherapy
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Polymers*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Temozolomide


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Drug Implants
  • Polymers
  • Dacarbazine
  • Temozolomide