Central corneal thickness of indigenous Australians within Central Australia

Am J Ophthalmol. 2007 Feb;143(2):360-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2006.09.047. Epub 2006 Oct 19.


Purpose: To document the central corneal thickness (CCT) among a group of Indigenous Australians compared with a group of Australian Caucasian individuals.

Design: Clinic-based case-control study.

Methods: A total of 91 Indigenous Australians from remote clinics in Central Australia and 84 Caucasian subjects from a teaching hospital in South Australia were recruited. Each subject underwent ultrasound pachymetry, and results were compared between groups.

Results: Mean +/- SD CCT for Indigenous Australians for right and left eyes, respectively, was 511 +/- 34 microm and 513 +/- 35 microm; and 541 +/- 31 microm and 543 +/- 33 microm in Caucasian subjects (t = 6.96; P < .0001 for right eyes and t = 6.56; P < .0001 for left eyes).

Conclusions: Indigenous Australians exhibit CCT that is significantly lower than that of Caucasian subjects. Given that Indigenous Australians are considered to be at very low risk of developing glaucoma, low CCT values alone may not be sufficient to increase the risk of developing glaucoma in a particular race.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anthropometry
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cornea / anatomy & histology*
  • Cornea / diagnostic imaging
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander*
  • Northern Territory / ethnology
  • South Australia
  • Ultrasonography
  • Whites