Impact of scanning direction on heart rate at certain levels of heart in electrocardiogram-gated 16-multidetector computed tomography angiography of coronary artery bypass grafts

J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2007 Jan-Feb;31(1):5-8. doi: 10.1097/01.rct.0000232476.14786.58.

Abstract

Objective: To assess impact of scanning direction on heart rates at certain levels of heart in electrocardiogram-gated 16-multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) detection of coronary artery bypass grafts and native coronary arteries.

Methods: Ninety patients with 219 grafts were studied by 16-MDCT. Forty-five patients were scanned craniocaudally. The remaining 45 patients were scanned caudocranially. Heart rates at each level were noted and compared between the 2 groups.

Results: The difference between mean heart rates of craniocaudal and caudocranial groups was found to be statistically significant at midcardiac, internal mammary artery origin, and cardiac base levels (P < 0.05). For the remaining levels, there was no statistically significant difference in mean heart rates.

Conclusions: Performing electrocardiogram-gated 16-MDCT angiography for the evaluation of coronary arteries and bypass grafts in caudocranial direction provides lower heart rate at midcardiac and cardiac base levels of the heart, which are more prone to motion artifacts.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Coronary Angiography / methods*
  • Coronary Artery Bypass*
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*