Peer support for persons with co-occurring disorders and community tenure: a survival analysis

Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2007 Winter;30(3):207-13. doi: 10.2975/30.3.2007.207.213.


Individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse diagnoses experience high rehospitalization rates. Consumer-delivered services are recognized as an important intervention for this population, but no studies have examined the extent to which such services are associated with enhanced community tenure and prevention of rehospitalizations. This longitudinal, comparison group study examines the effect of participation in The Friends Connection, a peer support program for individuals with co-occurring disorders, on 3-year rehospitalization patterns. Results from a survival analysis suggest that program participants have longer community tenure (i.e., periods of living in the community without rehospitalization) than a comparison group. Chi-square tests also indicate that significantly more people in the comparison group (73%) are rehospitalized in a 3-year period versus those in the Friends Connection group (62%). These results suggest that Friends Connection may facilitate community tenure and prevent rehospitalizations for a group that is at high-risk for rehospitalizations. The findings lend additional support of the potential effectiveness of peer support programs as part of a service delivery system that facilitates recovery of individuals with co-occurring disorders.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / psychology*
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / psychology
  • Alcoholism / rehabilitation*
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Friends / psychology
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Mental Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Readmission / statistics & numerical data
  • Peer Group*
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Social Support*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / psychology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome