Transcriptional regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition

J Clin Invest. 2007 Feb;117(2):304-6. doi: 10.1172/JCI31200.


It has become increasingly obvious that the notion of a terminally differentiated cell is likely a simplified concept. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), during which epithelial cells assume a mesenchymal phenotype, is a key event occurring during normal development and pathological processes. Multiple extracellular stimuli and transcriptional regulators can trigger EMT, but how such distinct signaling pathways orchestrate the complex cellular events that facilitate EMT is not well understood. In this issue of the JCI, Venkov et al. report on their examination of fibroblasts resulting from EMT and describe a novel protein-DNA complex that is essential for transcription of fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1) and sufficient to induce early EMT events (see the related article beginning on page 482). Collectively, their results suggest that this complex is an important regulator of the EMT transcriptome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CCAAT-Binding Factor / genetics
  • CCAAT-Binding Factor / metabolism
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Cell Differentiation
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Epithelium / metabolism*
  • Mesoderm / cytology
  • Mesoderm / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4
  • S100 Proteins
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • CCAAT-Binding Factor
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nfyb protein, mouse
  • S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4
  • S100 Proteins
  • S100a4 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors
  • DNA