Design and conduct of a low-cost mammography screening project: experience of the American Cancer Society, Texas Division

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992 Jan;158(1):51-4. doi: 10.2214/ajr.158.1.1727357.


To improve compliance with recommendations for screening mammography, the American Cancer Society (ACS) Texas Division designed and conducted a media-promoted screening project in 1987. The project was planned during a 2-year period by a task force made up of physicians and lay members of ACS division committees. Radiology centers desiring to participate in the project were asked to submit information about the number of patients they could screen and their equipment, along with physics data, to a review committee. Of 306 facilities that responded, 266 (87%) passed the initial review. Thirteen facilities (4%) submitted images from two examinations using a dedicated mammography phantom, and 27 sites (9%) entered the project by agreeing to adhere to the project standards and guidelines without undergoing formal review. All facilities agreed to provide mammograms for $50 to women scheduling appointments during a 2-week media campaign in February 1987. The project generated 64,459 mammographic screening examinations. Our experience indicates that a media campaign can encourage women to have screening mammograms and that screening facilities will agree to screen a large number of women at reduced cost. This strategy, if widely applied, can improve compliance with mammographic screening recommendations and reduce breast cancer mortality.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • American Cancer Society
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Female
  • Health Education / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Mammography / economics*
  • Mass Screening / economics
  • Mass Screening / organization & administration*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Program Development
  • Public Relations
  • Texas