Purpose: To evaluate the clinical effects of a primary posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC) on the intraocular performance of hydrophilic acrylic single-piece intraocular lenses (IOLs) with and without haptic angulation.
Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Methods: A prospective study comprised 52 patients with bilateral age-related cataract who had standard cataract surgery including a PCCC. One eye of each patient was randomized to receive a hydrophilic acrylic IOL with haptic angulation (ACR6D SE, Laboratoires Cornéal) and the contralateral eye, a hydrophilic acrylic IOL without haptic angulation (C-flex 570C, Rayner). The following parameters were assessed: regeneratory posterior opacification (RPO) in the central, intermediate, and peripheral areas (scale 0 to 10); anterior capsule opacification (ACO); best corrected visual acuity (BCVA); and contrast sensitivity (CSF).
Results: Thirty-one patients completed the 1(1/2)-year follow-up. In both IOL groups, RPO within the PCCC was slight in the central area, with a mean score of 0.33 +/- 0.84 (SD) in the angulated IOL group and 0.16 +/- 0.57 in the nonangulated IOL group (P = .29). The mean RPO score in the peripheral area was 2.07 +/- 1.37 and 2.35 +/- 1.45, respectively (P = .12). The difference between the central and peripheral areas was 1.74 in the angulated IOL group (P<.00001) and 2.19 in the nonangulated IOL group (P<.00001). Haptic deformation occurred in 9 eyes (29%) with an angulated IOL and no eye with a nonangulated IOL. There was significantly more ACO in the nonangulated IOL group (P = .012). There were no significant differences in BCVA or CSF between the 2 groups.
Conclusions: Creating a PCCC led to significantly lower RPO intensity within the PCCC area than in the peripheral area in eyes with hydrophilic acrylic IOLs with and without haptic angulation. Haptic angulation had no apparent significant influence on the intensity of RPO or on BCVA and CSF. Haptic deformation may occur in hydrophilic IOLs with angulated haptics.