Partial paternal uniparental disomy (UPD) of chromosome 1 in a patient with Stargardt disease

Mol Vis. 2007 Jan 26;13:96-101.

Abstract

Purpose: Stargardt disease (STGD) is the most common juvenile macular dystrophy, characterized by central visual impairment. All recessively inherited cases are thought to be due to mutations in the ABCA4 gene, mapped to 1p21-p13.

Methods: To describe a form of non-mendelian inheritance in a patient with STGD identified through the course of a conventional mutational screening performed on 77 STGD families. DNA from the patient and relatives was analyzed for variants in all 50 exons of the ABCA4 gene by screening on the ABCR400 microarray; results were confirmed by direct sequencing. Haplotype analyses, standard and high-resolution (HR) karyotypes, and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) were also performed.

Results: A patient with STGD caused by the homozygous p.Arg1129Leu mutation in the ABCA4 gene was found to be the daughter of a noncarrier mother and a father who was heterozygous for this change. Haplotype analysis suggested that no maternal ABCA4 allele was transmitted to the patient. Microsatellite markers spanning the entire chromosome 1 identified a homozygous region of at least 4.4 Mb, involving the ABCA4 gene. The cytogenetic study revealed normal female karyotype. Further evaluation with MLPA showed the patient had a normal dosage for both copies of the ABCA4 gene, thus suggesting partial paternal isodisomy but not a maternal microdeletion.

Conclusions: We report that recessive STGD can rarely be inherited from only one unaffected carrier parent in a non-mendelian manner. This study also demonstrates that genomic alterations contribute to only a small fraction of disease-associated alleles for ABCA4.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Arginine
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1*
  • Cytogenetic Analysis
  • Fathers*
  • Female
  • Gene Dosage
  • Haplotypes
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Leucine
  • Macular Degeneration / genetics*
  • Macular Degeneration / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Mutation*
  • Uniparental Disomy*

Substances

  • ABCA4 protein, human
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Arginine
  • Leucine