Preparation of porous collagen/hyaluronic acid hybrid scaffolds for biomimetic functionalization through biochemical binding affinity

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2007 Aug;82(2):506-18. doi: 10.1002/jbm.b.30756.


This study demonstrated the feasibility of introducing an avidin-biotin system to three-dimensional and highly porous scaffolds for the purpose of designing scaffolds that have binding affinity with bioactive molecules for various biomimetic modifications. Porous hybrid scaffolds composed of collagen and hyaluronic acid (HA) were prepared by a novel overrun process. The overrun-processed scaffolds showed a uniform dual-pore structure because of the injection of gas bubbles and ice recrystallization during the fabrication process and had a higher porosity than scaffolds prepared by a conventional freeze-drying method. The mechanical strength and biodegradation kinetics were controlled by the method of preparation and the composition of collagen/HA. Collagen/HA scaffolds did not show any significant adverse effects on cell viability even after 10 days of incubation. The fibroblasts cultured in the overrun-processed scaffolds were widely distributed and had proliferated on the surfaces of the macropores in the scaffolds, whereas the cells that were seeded in the freeze-dried scaffolds had attached mainly on the dense surface of the scaffolds. As the collagen content in the scaffolds increased, the cellular ingrowth into the inner pores of the scaffolds decreased because of the high affinity between the collagen and the cells. Measurements obtained via confocal microscopy revealed that the porous collagen/HA scaffolds could be functionalized with the biotin by incorporating avidin. Therefore, the present biotinylation approach may allow the incorporation of various bioactive molecules (DNA, growth factors, drug, peptide, etc) into the three-dimensional porous scaffolds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Avidin / chemistry
  • Biomimetic Materials / chemical synthesis
  • Biomimetic Materials / chemistry*
  • Biomimetic Materials / toxicity
  • Biotin / chemistry
  • Biotinylation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Collagen / chemistry*
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Hyaluronic Acid / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Porosity
  • Shear Strength
  • Tensile Strength
  • Tissue Engineering*


  • Avidin
  • Biotin
  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • Collagen