Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of vesical instillation of hyaluronic acid against recurrent urinary tract infections.
Methods: Twenty women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infections each received 9 intravesical instillations of hyaluronic acid over 6 months. Their status was assessed prospectively over 47.6 weeks and compared with a retrospective review of patient charts covering 36.2+/-6.2 weeks.
Results: The total numbers of urinary tract infections were 67 before and 10 after treatment (p<0.001). Thirteen patients (65%) were free of recurrences until the end of the study. One had a recurrence during treatment, and 6 (30%) during follow-up. The number of infections per year per patient was reduced from 4.99+/-0.92 to 0.56+/-0.82 (p<0.001). In women with recurrences, time to recurrence was 178.3+/-25.5 days, compared with 76.7+/-24.6 days before treatment (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Intravesical instillation of hyaluronic acid is effective in preventing recurrent urinary tract infections.