A patient diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia was studied periodically during his illness. The result showed the presence of a Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome by a 9;22 translocation as a single abnormality to the time of blastic crisis. At that time, the chromosome studies showed a clonal evolution. Furthermore, a second derivated line was added to the Ph line. This new anomaly consisted of a 8;21 translocation, considered as specific of M2 type acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia of French-American-British classification.