Estimates of the validity and utility of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test in the assessment of inattentive and/or hyperactive-impulsive behaviors in children

J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2007 Jun;35(3):393-404. doi: 10.1007/s10802-007-9098-3. Epub 2007 Feb 13.

Abstract

This study evaluated the validity and classification utility of the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CCPT) in the assessment of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors in children. Significant, positive correlations between the CCPT parameters and behavioral ratings of ADHD behaviors were hypothesized. In addition, it was hypothesized that the CCPT parameters would perform better than a random test (chance) and show fair to moderate utility of classification across the different indices. Participants were 104 children between 6 and 12 years of age who were referred for evaluation of attention problems. The first hypothesis was not supported. There were no significant, positive correlations between the CCPT parameters and parent and teacher ratings of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive behaviors. The second hypothesis was only partially supported. The CCPT Overall Index and the Omission Errors (84th percentile cutoff) performed better than a random test; however, the utility of the CCPT Overall Index only ranged from poor to slight. Receiver operating characteristic analyses showed the accuracy of the CCPT to be low. The implications and limitations of this study and future research directions are discussed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Attention
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / classification
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology
  • Attitude
  • Child
  • Child Behavior / psychology
  • Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Impulsive Behavior / classification
  • Impulsive Behavior / diagnosis
  • Impulsive Behavior / psychology
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests / standards
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Parents / psychology
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychometrics
  • ROC Curve
  • Teaching