PIKE-A is a proto-oncogene promoting cell growth, transformation and invasion

Oncogene. 2007 Jul 26;26(34):4918-27. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1210290. Epub 2007 Feb 12.


PIKE-A (phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI 3)-kinase enhancer) is a ubiquitously expressed GTPase, which binds to and enhances protein kinase B (Akt) kinase activity in a guanine nucleotide-dependent manner. PIKE-A is one of the components of the CDK4 amplicon that is amplified in numerous human cancers. However, whether PIKE-A itself can mediate cell transformation, proliferation and migration remains unknown. Here, we show that PIKE-A is overexpressed in various human cancer samples, escalates U87MG glioblastoma invasion and provokes NIH3T3 cell transformation. Overexpression of wild-type (WT) PIKE-A enhances NIH3T3 and U87MG cell growth, which is further increased by cancer cell-derived PIKE-A active mutants. In contrast, both the dominant-negative mutant and the phosphoinositide lipids interaction-defective mutant antagonize cell proliferation. Moreover, PIKE-A and its active and inactive mutants similarly enhance or antagonize U87MG cell survival and invasion, and their ability to do so is coupled with the catalytic effect they have on Akt activation. Furthermore, PIKE-A WT and its active mutants significantly elicit NIH3T3 cell transformation. Thus, our findings support the concept that PIKE-A acts as a proto-oncogene, promoting cell transformation through Akt activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins / genetics
  • GTPase-Activating Proteins / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mutation
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness*
  • Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Neoplasms / pathology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogenes*


  • GTPase-Activating Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • AGAP2 protein, human
  • GTP-Binding Proteins