Since the original observations of Huggins and Hodges that prostate cancers are androgen dependent, androgen ablation therapy has been the gold standard for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer (CaP). Androgen receptor (AR) is believed to play critical roles in the development and progression of CaP. Treatment for neoadjuvant, adjuvant and recurrent disease all center on the regulation and manipulation of the androgen pathway, in which AR plays an integral role. Recent discoveries that frequent overexpression of ETS-related proto-oncogenes may be driven by AR as a consequence of common genomic rearrangements can hold the key towards the understanding of early phases of prostate cancer. Furthermore, AR function evolves as the cell changes towards a clinically androgen depletion independent state. Comprehension of AR function, regulation and abnormalities are increasingly refined towards the understanding of the role of AR in CaP, and in therapeutic applications. Development of future therapy for CaP will be aided by improving the knowledge of dysfunctions of AR and its network in prostate cancer. This review focuses salient features of AR and on the recent advances addressing AR dysfunctions in prostate cancer.