Triphalangeal thumb-polysyndactyly syndrome (TPT-PS) is a type of human hand-foot malformation. In this study, we collected data from a Chinese family with TPT-PS and mapped the disease region to chromosome 7q36. By using a fine mapping study and a haplotype analysis, we narrowed the affected region to 1.7cM between markers D7S2465 and D7S2423, which contains four candidate genes: HLXB9, LMBR1, NOM1, and RNF32. By sequence analysis, we found no sequence alterations, which are specific to the patients in the transcribed regions and in the intron-exon boundaries among the four genes. After closely examining intron 5 of the LMBR1 gene, we discovered a single C to T transition in the affected TPT-PS individuals of the Chinese subject family. The position of this C to T transition is located close to other sequence alterations involved in several preaxial polydactyly (PPD) families, supporting the notion that intron 5 of LMBR1 contains a cis-acting regulator of limb-specific Sonic Hedgehog (SHH). We postulate that the disruption of this cis-regulator via a single C to T transition results in the dysregulation of SHH, which leads to the TPT-PS found in this case.