Determination of ciclosporin A and its six main metabolites in isolated T-lymphocytes and whole blood using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Jun 1;852(1-2):345-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2007.01.039. Epub 2007 Feb 3.


A specific and sensitive method for determination of intracellular ciclosporin A (CsA) and its six main metabolites AM1, AM9, AM1c, AM1c9, AM19 and AM4N, in isolated T-lymphocytes and whole blood is described. T-lymphocytes were separated from whole blood using Prepacyte. The analytes were extracted and purified from isolated lymphocytes and whole blood by protein precipitation followed by solid-phase extraction (SPE). The analytes and the internal standard, ciclosporin C (CsC), were separated on a reversed phase C8 column (30 mm x 2.1mm, 3 microm) with a 10 mm x 2 mm, 5 microm Drop-In Guard Cartridge, using gradient elution chromatography and tandem ion trap mass spectrometry detection. The method has been validated in accordance with FDA guidelines and showed linear range from 0.25 to 500 ng/mL for CsA, 0.5 to 500 ng/mL for AM1, AM9 and AM19, 1 to 500 ng/mL for AM4N, AM1c and AM1c9 in intracellular matrix, and 2.5 to 3000 ng/mL for all analytes in whole blood. The applicability of the method is shown on patient samples.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Liquid / methods*
  • Cyclosporine / blood*
  • Humans
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods*


  • Cyclosporine