We investigated the accuracy of qSPECT, a quantitative SPECT reconstruction algorithm we have developed which employs corrections for collimator blurring, photon attenuation and scatter, and provides images in units of absolute radiotracer concentrations (kBq cm(-3)). Using simulated and experimental phantom data with characteristics similar to clinical cardiac perfusion data, we studied the implementation of a scatter correction (SC) as part of an iterative reconstruction protocol. Additionally, with experimental phantom studies we examined the influence of CT-based attenuation maps, relative to those obtained from conventional SPECT transmission scans, on SCs and quantitation. Our results indicate that the qSPECT estimated scatter corrections did not change appreciably after the third iteration of the reconstruction. For the simulated data, qSPECT concentrations agreed with images reconstructed using ideal, scatter-free, simulated data to within 6%. For the experimental data, we observed small systematic differences in the scatter fractions for data using different combinations of SCs and attenuation maps. The SCs were found to be significantly influenced by errors in image coregistration. The reconstructed concentrations using CT-based corrections were more quantitatively accurate than those using attenuation maps from conventional SPECT transmission scans. However, segmenting the attenuation maps from SPECT transmission scans could provide sufficient accuracy for most applications.