Objectives: To discuss long-term physical effects of treatment for breast cancer including effects on reproductive, bone, sexual health, and related women's issues.
Data sources: Research articles, abstracts, literature reviews.
Conclusion: Long-term effects of treatment have become increasingly prevalent in breast cancer survivors. The most common are effects on reproductive, bone, and sexual health.
Implications for nursing practice: Long-term effects of treatment can have a significant negative impact on the long-term health and QOL of women with breast cancer. Oncology nurses are well-positioned to anticipate and address the reproductive and endocrine consequences of breast cancer treatment.