Toxoplasma gondii pneumonia in immunocompetent subjects: case report and review

Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Mar 15;44(6):e62-6. doi: 10.1086/511871. Epub 2007 Feb 8.


Pulmonary toxoplasmosis is rare in immunocompetent subjects. Here, we describe a 41-year-old previously healthy male patient who presented to the emergency department of a hospital with a life-threatening case of pneumonia due to Toxoplasma gondii infection, which responded to specific therapy. Clinical and image-based findings overlap with those for atypical pneumonias, and toxoplasmosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis--especially if immunoglobulin M-specific antibodies are detected.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antiprotozoal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Critical Illness
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunocompetence
  • Lung Diseases, Parasitic / diagnosis*
  • Lung Diseases, Parasitic / drug therapy
  • Lung Diseases, Parasitic / immunology*
  • Male
  • Risk Assessment
  • Toxoplasma / isolation & purification*
  • Toxoplasmosis / diagnosis*
  • Toxoplasmosis / drug therapy
  • Toxoplasmosis / immunology*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antiprotozoal Agents