Proper regulation of cell morphogenesis and migration by adhesion and growth-factor receptors requires Abl-family tyrosine kinases [1-3]. Several substrates of Abl-family kinase have been identified, but they are unlikely to mediate all of the downstream actions of these kinases on cytoskeletal structure. We used a human protein microarray to identify the actin-regulatory protein cortactin as a novel substrate of the Abl and Abl-related gene (Arg) nonreceptor tyrosine kinases. Cortactin stimulates cell motility [4-6], and its upregulation in several cancers correlates with poor prognosis . Even though cortactin can be tyrosine phosphorylated by Src-family kinases in vitro , we show that Abl and Arg are more adept at binding and phosphorylating cortactin. Importantly, we demonstrate that platelet-derived growth-factor (PDGF)-induced cortactin phosphorylation on three tyrosine residues requires Abl or Arg. Cortactin triggers F-actin-dependent dorsal waves in fibroblasts after PDGF treatment and thus results in actin reorganization and lamellipodial protrusion . We provide evidence that Abl/Arg-mediated phosphorylation of cortactin is required for this PDGF-induced dorsal-wave response. Our results reveal that Abl-family kinases target cortactin as an effector of cytoskeletal rearrangements in response to PDGF.