Anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor-promoting effects of triterpene acids and sterols from the fungus Ganoderma lucidum

Chem Biodivers. 2007 Feb;4(2):224-31. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.200790027.


A series of lanostane-type triterpene acids, including eleven lucidenic acids (3, 4, 9, 10, 13-19) and six ganoderic acids (20-22, 24, 26, 27), as well as six sterols (28-33), all isolated from the fruiting bodies of the fungus Ganoderma lucidum, were examined for their inhibitory effects on the induction of Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in Raji cells, a known primary screening test for anti-tumor promoters. All of the compounds tested, except for ganolactone (27) and three sterols (29-31), showed potent inhibitory effects on EBV-EA induction, with IC(50) values of 235-370 mol ratio/32 pmol TPA. In addition, nine lucidenic acids (1, 2, 5-8, 11, 12, 18) and four ganoderic acids (20, 23-25) were found to inhibit TPA-induced inflammation (1 microg/ear) in mice, with ID(50) values of 0.07-0.39 mg per ear. Further, 20-hydroxylucidenic acid N (18) exhibited inhibitory effects on skin-tumor promotion in an in vivo two-stage mouse-skin carcinogenesis test based on 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) as initiator, and with TPA as promoter.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antigens, Viral / biosynthesis
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Mice, Inbred SENCAR
  • Reishi / chemistry*
  • Sterols / pharmacology*
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Triterpenes / pharmacology*


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Antigens, Viral
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Epstein-Barr virus early antigen
  • Sterols
  • Triterpenes
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate