S-phase feedback control in budding yeast independent of tyrosine phosphorylation of p34cdc28

Nature. 1992 Jan 23;355(6358):365-8. doi: 10.1038/355365a0.


In somatic cells, entry into mitosis depends on the completion of DNA synthesis. This dependency is established by S-phase feedback controls that arrest cell division when damaged or unreplicated DNA is present. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, mutations that interfere with the phosphorylation of tyrosine 15 (Y15) of p34cdc2, the protein kinase subunit of maturation promoting factor, accelerate the entry into mitosis and abolish the ability of unreplicated DNA to arrest cells in G2. Because the tyrosine phosphorylation of p34cdc2 is conserved in S. pombe, Xenopus, chicken and human cells, the regulation of p34cdc2-Y15 phosphorylation could be a universal mechanism mediating the S-phase feedback control and regulating the initiation of mitosis. We have investigated these phenomena in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We report here that the CDC28 gene product (the S. cerevisiae homologue of cdc2) is phosphorylated on the equivalent tyrosine (Y19) during S phase but that mutations that prevent tyrosine phosphorylation do not lead to premature mitosis and do not abolish feedback controls. We have therefore demonstrated a mechanism that does not involve tyrosine phosphorylation of p34 by which cells arrest their division in response to the presence of unreplicated or damaged DNA. We speculate that this mechanism may not involve the inactivation of p34 catalytic activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / genetics
  • DNA Damage
  • Feedback
  • Kinetics
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Maturation-Promoting Factor / genetics
  • Maturation-Promoting Factor / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • S Phase*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Tyrosine


  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Tyrosine
  • Protein Kinases
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • Maturation-Promoting Factor