Proper regulation of intracellular levels of protoporphyrin IX (PPIX), the direct precursor of heme, is important for cell survival. A deficiency in ferrochelatase, which mediates the final step in heme biosynthesis, leads to erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), a photosensitivity syndrome caused by the accumulation of PPIX in the skin. We have previously shown that mice with a deficiency in the ABC transporter Bcrp1/Abcg2 display a novel type of protoporphyria. This protoporphyria is mild compared with ferrochelatase-dependent EPP, and in itself not sufficient to cause phototoxicity, but it might exacerbate the consequences of other porphyrias. In this study, we identified the mouse harderian gland as a novel expression site of Bcrp1. Because of its pronounced role in porphyrin secretion, the harderian gland presents a useful tool to study the mechanism of Bcrp1-related protoporphyria and transport of porphyrins. Bcrp1(-/-) harderian gland displayed a highly increased accumulation of PPIX glycoconjugates, and a similar shift was seen in Bcrp1(-/-) liver. Tear- and hepatobiliary excretion data suggest that Bcrp1 controls intracellular levels of PPIX by mediating high affinity transport of its glycoconjugates and possibly low-affinity transport of unconjugated PPIX. This mechanism may allow cells to prevent or reduce cytotoxicity of PPIX under excess conditions, without spillage under physiological conditions where PPIX is needed.