The effect of chlorothiazide on neurally mediated contraction of rabbit bronchial smooth muscle

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Jan;145(1):75-9. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm/145.1.75.


The neuromodulatory action of chlorothiazide (CTZ) was investigated in isolated rabbit bronchial smooth muscle (BSM) segments contracted with electrical field stimulation (ES). The tissues were placed in organ baths and stimulated with ES frequencies ranging from 1 to 75 Hz. CTZ (10(-4) to 10(-3) M) produced dose-dependent increases in ES-induced contractions. In the presence of 10(-3) M CTZ, the mean +/- SEM maximal tension (Tmax) induced by ES increased significantly (p less than 0.03) from 292.8 +/- 39.5 to 363.0 +/- 58.5 g/g tissue. BSM sensitivity to ES, expressed as the log ES frequency producing 50% of Tmax (i.e., log ES50) was also increased (p less than 0.001) in the presence of CTZ as indicated by a fall in the mean +/- SEM log ES50 from 1.05 +/- 0.05 to 0.804 +/- 0.09 Hz. The potentiating effect of CTZ on ES-induced contractions was independently blocked by either the neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin (4 x 10(-6) M), or the cholinergic antagonist, atropine (10(-5) M). In the presence of CTZ, the mean Tmax response to acetylcholine (ACh) was unaffected, whereas BSM sensitivity to the agonist increased significantly (p less than 0.001). On the other hand, the dose-response relationship to carbachol, a cholinergic agonist resistant to cholinesterase degradation, was unaffected by CTZ. In tissues pretreated with 10(-5) M neostigmine, an acetylcholinesterase (AChase) inhibitor, CTZ did not further augment either ES- or ACh-induced contractions. Taken together, these findings suggested that CTZ might be acting as an AChase inhibitor.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholinesterase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Atropine / pharmacology
  • Bronchi / drug effects*
  • Bronchi / enzymology
  • Bronchi / innervation
  • Bronchi / physiology
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Chlorothiazide / pharmacology*
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electric Stimulation
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects*
  • Muscle, Smooth / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth / enzymology
  • Muscle, Smooth / innervation
  • Muscle, Smooth / physiology
  • Rabbits
  • Tetrodotoxin / pharmacology


  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Chlorothiazide
  • Atropine
  • Carbachol
  • Acetylcholinesterase