Effects of sample storage conditions on glycated hemoglobin measurement: evaluation of five different high performance liquid chromatography methods

Diabetes Technol Ther. 2007 Feb;9(1):36-42. doi: 10.1089/dia.2006.0055.

Abstract

Background: Glycated hemoglobin, reported as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), is widely used as a measure of long-term glycemic control in patients with diabetes. The accuracy of measurements depends in part on proper storage of the sample prior to analysis.

Methods: Three whole blood (WB) samples at three HbA1c levels were collected and stored at -70 degrees C, -20 degrees C, 4 degrees C, room temperature (17-23 degrees C), and 37 degrees C. One aliquot from each temperature was analyzed by each method on days 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 14, 21, 28, and 57.

Results: The Primus CLC (385 and 330) (Primus Corp., Kansas City, MO) showed stability of WB at -20 degrees C and 4 degrees C for 57 days, room temperature for 14 days, and 37 degrees C for 1 day. The Tosoh 2.2 Plus (Tosoh Bioscience, Inc., South San Francisco, CA) showed stability at -20 degrees C for 3 days, 4 degrees C for 14 days, room temperature for 3 days, and 37 degrees C for less than 24 h. With the Tosoh G7, results were acceptable at -20 degrees C for 10 days, 4 degrees C for 57 days, room temperature for 7 days, and 37 degrees C for less than 24 h. The Bio-Rad Variant (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, CA) showed stability at -20 degrees C for 6 days, 4 degrees C for 14 days, room temperature for 3 days, and 37 degrees C for less than 24 h. The Bio-Rad Variant II showed stability at -20 degrees C for 28 days, 4 degrees C for 57 days, room temperature for 7 days, and 37 degrees C for less than 24 h.

Conclusions: All methods either met or exceeded manufacturers' claims for stability. The CLC 385/330, Tosoh G7, and Bio-Rad Variant II high performance liquid chromatography methods showed better stability than the Tosoh 2.2 Plus and Bio-Rad Variant.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Blood Specimen Collection / standards*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis*
  • Temperature

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A