Wound-inducible pinene cyclase from grand fir: purification, characterization, and renaturation after SDS-PAGE

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1992 Feb 14;293(1):167-73. doi: 10.1016/0003-9861(92)90380-f.


The major wound-inducible monoterpene synthase (cyclase) of grand fir (Abies grandis) stems transforms geranyl pyrophosphate to both (-)-alpha-pinene (40%) and (-)-beta-pinene (60%). The enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity by anion-exchange and hydrophobic interaction chromatography, coupled to discontinuous native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis at neutral pH and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (also at neutral pH) followed by renaturation in 1% Tween 20 (polyoxyethylenesorbitan monolaurate). The renatured enzyme produced a mixture of isomeric pinenes from geranyl pyrophosphate identical to that generated by the native form. The protein exhibited a molecular weight of 63,000 by gel permeation chromatography and of 62,000 by denaturing gel electrophoresis, indicating that the monomer is active. The enzyme required Mn2+ (Km = 30 microM) for activity, exhibited a Km value of 6 microM for the substrate geranyl pyrophosphate, showed a pH optimum at 7.8 and temperature optimum at 42 degrees C, and was inhibited by pyrophosphate (I50 = 0.17 mM), orthophosphate (I50 = 51 mM), and alpha-pinene, as well as by the histidine-directed reagent diethylpyrocarbonate (I50 = 0.64 mM) and the cysteine-directed reagent p-hydroxymercuribenzoate (I50 = 1.9 microM). Although similar in many respects to constitutive monoterpene cyclases of herbaceous species, this inducible cyclase, the first enzyme of this type to be purified to homogeneity from a conifer, is distinguished by the relatively high pH optimum, and the strict specificity and high affinity for the divalent metal ion cofactor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cations, Divalent
  • Detergents / chemistry
  • Isomerases / chemistry
  • Isomerases / isolation & purification*
  • Isomerases / metabolism
  • Molecular Weight
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphates / metabolism
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Species Specificity
  • Trees / enzymology*


  • Cations, Divalent
  • Detergents
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphates
  • geranyl pyrophosphate
  • Isomerases
  • pinene cyclase II