It has been proposed that near addition lenses reduce the lag of accommodation and may slow myopia progression. In this study, we investigated the differences in accommodative response and near phoria in subjects with and without near addition lenses. Fourteen subjects (7 emmetropic and 7 myopic) participated in the study. Monocular and binocular accommodative responses to a target at 40 cm were measured with and without +2.00 diopter (D) lenses using a Canon R-1 optometer (Canon Europe N.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands). Near dissociated phoria was measured using 3 testing methods: Maddox rod, cover test, and Von Graefe technique. The differences in accommodative response and near phoria between the 2 viewing conditions with and without the near addition lens were significant (P < 0.0001). No significant differences were revealed in accommodative response and near phoria between refractive error groups. The average accommodative responses of all subjects were 2.03 +/- 0.06 (SE) D (without +2.00 D lens) and 0.60 +/- 0.07 D (with +2.00 D lens) under monocular viewing conditions and 2.11 +/- 0.06 D (without +2.00 D lenses) and 0.77 +/- 0.07 D (with +2.00 D lenses) under binocular viewing conditions. The average near phorias of all subjects were -2.08 +/- 0.69 prism diopters (PD, without +2.00 D lenses) and -7.90 +/- 0.68 PD (with +2.00 D lenses). We discuss the effect of near addition lenses on the defocus of the retinal image, accommodative response, and near phoria. In addition, we propose that the observed difference between binocular and monocular accommodation, when viewing through near addition lenses, is caused by an increased vergence accommodation.