Gene variants of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 and components of metabolic syndrome in KORA S4, Augsburg

Eur J Endocrinol. 2007 Mar;156(3):377-85. doi: 10.1530/eje.1.02345.


Objective: Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) has been suggested to be involved in the development of several components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The present study investigated the association of nine MCP-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with MetS, type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic risk factors.

Subjects and methods: The population-based study sample comprised 1630 subjects aged 55-74 years from KORA S4 (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg Survey 4). Genotyping was carried out by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) analysis of allele-dependent primer extension products.

Results: The MCP-1 SNP c.-3813C>T exhibited trends for differences between the genotype groups in triglycerides, 2-h glucose and uric acid (P = 0.0084, 0.014, 0.027). Other trends were observed for c.-928G>C associated with height and fasting glucose (P = 0.0024, 0.033), for c.105T>C with height and leukocytes (P = 0.0095, 0.047), for c.*65C>T and c.*3879C>T with MCP-1 levels (both P = 0.012) and for c.-2138A>T with interleukin-6 levels. After correction for multiple testing, none of the analysed SNPs, except c.-928G>C in men showed a significant association with MetS, T2DM or other analysed parameters. Haplotype MCP-1*1 and c.-928G>C in men (P = 0.0002, 0.0004) were significantly associated with an increase in height.

Conclusions: This is the first study to investigate the associations of MCP-1 SNPs with MetS. We found trends for several components of MetS. These parameters were hyperlipidaemia, fasting and 2-h glucose, and uric acid. A new finding is that MCP-1*1 haplotype is associated with height. Further investigation in larger populations is needed to clarify the involvement of MCP-1 in MetS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Body Height / genetics
  • Chemokine CCL2 / genetics*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis / methods
  • Fasting
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genotype
  • Germany
  • Haplotypes
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-6 / blood
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / blood
  • Metabolic Syndrome / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization


  • Blood Glucose
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Interleukin-6