Background: Multiple percutaneous therapies for the treatment of functional and ischemic mitral regurgitation (FMR/IMR) are under development. We previously reported a novel percutaneous technique, the percutaneous septal sinus shortening [PS(3)] System which was effective in ameliorating FMR in an animal model. We herein report results from the first-in-human safety and feasibility pilot study involving the PS(3) System.
Methods and results: The primary objective of this first-in-human study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of acute percutaneous septal-lateral shortening by using the PS(3) System in patients immediately prior to clinically-indicated surgical mitral valve repair. Two patients were enrolled. Patient One had severe aortic insufficiency with moderate functional mitral regurgitation. The PS(3) System reduced the MR grade from 2+ to 1+ with a decrease in the mean septal-lateral systolic (SLS) dimension from 38 to 27 mm (29% reduction). Patient Two had severe ischemic mitral regurgitation in the setting of severe multi-vessel disease and prior infero-posterior infarct. MR grade was reduced from 3+ to 1+ with a decrease in the mean SLS dimension from 36 to 25mm (31% reduction). There were no procedural complications and both patients proceeded to pre-planned cardiac surgery, where the devices were explanted under direct visualization.
Conclusions: The PS(3) System has been safely translated from the preclinical setting to first-in-human implantation. Both patients studied experienced a reduction in MR after device implantation, with significant SLS shortening. Further clinical trials will be needed to assess long-term efficacy and durability.
(c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.