Outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery

Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2006;2(4):477-84. doi: 10.2147/vhrm.2006.2.4.477.


This review article summarizes the major studies that have investigated the outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The article includes a review of the literature in the areas of: history of CABG; indications for CABG; and measurement of quality of life following CABG, including prolongation of life, physical functioning (ie, relief from angina and dyspnea, physical activity, as well as complications of surgery and re-hospitalization), psychological functioning, and social functioning. Overall, the literature demonstrates that the outcomes of CABG have historically been measured in terms of mortality and morbidity; however, it has now been well recognized that adjustment to CABG is a multidimensional phenomenon that is not fully explained by medical factors. Therefore, in addition to studying mortality and morbidity outcomes following CABG many recent studies have identified that it is important to investigate various physical, psychological, and social variables that have a significant impact on post-operative adjustment to CABG.

Publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Coronary Artery Bypass* / adverse effects
  • Coronary Artery Bypass* / history
  • Coronary Artery Bypass* / psychology
  • Depression / etiology
  • Heart Diseases / mortality
  • Heart Diseases / psychology
  • Heart Diseases / surgery*
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Patient Selection
  • Prognosis
  • Quality of Life
  • Treatment Outcome