Far-field imaging of optical second-harmonic generation in single GaN nanowires

Nano Lett. 2007 Mar;7(3):831-6. doi: 10.1021/nl0624420. Epub 2007 Feb 28.


Means for assessing the nonlinear optical properties of nanoscale materials are of key importance for the advancement of active nanophotonics. By correlating second-harmonic generation (SHG) with electron backscattered diffraction from single GaN nanowires (NWs), we demonstrate that far-field microscopic imaging of SHG offers an approach for distinguishing crystallographic orientations of NWs lying on a substrate. The quasi-static approximation, which should prove useful in describing many nanophotonic behaviors, is shown to satisfactorily account for the SHG data.