Success and failure in human spermatogenesis as revealed by teratozoospermic RNAs

Hum Mol Genet. 2007 Apr 1;16(7):763-73. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddm012. Epub 2007 Feb 27.


We are coming to appreciate that at fertilization human spermatozoa deliver the paternal genome alongside a suite of structures, proteins and RNAs. Although the role of some of the structures and proteins as requisite elements for early human development has been established, the function of the sperm-delivered RNAs remains a point for discussion. The presence of RNAs in transcriptionally quiescent spermatozoa can only be derived from transcription that precedes late spermiogenesis. A cross-platform microarray strategy was used to assess the profile of human spermatozoal transcripts from fertile males who had fathered at least one child compared to teratozoospermic individuals. Unsupervised clustering of the data followed by pathway and ontological analysis revealed the transcriptional perturbation common to the affected individuals. Transcripts encoding components of various cellular remodeling pathways, such as the ubiquitin-proteosome pathway, were severely disrupted. The origin of the perturbation could be traced as far back as the pachytene stage of spermatogenesis. It is anticipated that this diagnostic strategy will prove valuable for understanding male factor infertility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Fertilization / genetics
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Male / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • RNA / genetics*
  • Spermatogenesis / genetics*
  • Spermatozoa / metabolism*
  • Spermatozoa / pathology
  • Transcription, Genetic


  • RNA