Drug insight: VEGF as a therapeutic target for breast cancer

Nat Clin Pract Oncol. 2007 Mar;4(3):181-9. doi: 10.1038/ncponc0740.

Abstract

Angiogenesis is implicated in the pathogenesis of malignancy and metastasis. Inhibition of angiogenesis has demonstrated clinically significant improvements in outcomes in a variety of malignancies, including breast cancer. The humanized monoclonal antibody against VEGF, bevacizumab, is the clinically most mature of the antiangiogenic agents and has recently been shown to improve outcome when combined with chemotherapy in the first-line metastatic setting of breast cancer. A variety of other antiangiogenic agents are currently under investigation, including drugs that inhibit the VEGF receptor 2, the cognate receptor for VEGF found on endothelial cells. The combination of antiangiogenic drugs with one another and with other biologic agents is also being explored in an attempt to improve efficacy and to overcome the drug resistance seen with the initial studies of antiangiogenic agents. This Review will focus on the current state of therapeutics designed to inhibit this angiogenic process in breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Benzenesulfonates / pharmacology
  • Benzenesulfonates / therapeutic use
  • Bevacizumab
  • Breast Neoplasms / blood supply*
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Female
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy*
  • Niacinamide / analogs & derivatives
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Piperidines / therapeutic use
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Pyridines / pharmacology
  • Pyridines / therapeutic use
  • Quinazolines / pharmacology
  • Quinazolines / therapeutic use
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor / physiology
  • Sorafenib
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / physiology

Substances

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Benzenesulfonates
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Phenylurea Compounds
  • Piperidines
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Pyridines
  • Quinazolines
  • VEGFA protein, human
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Niacinamide
  • Bevacizumab
  • Sorafenib
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • N-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-6-methoxy-7-((1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)methoxy)quinazolin-4-amine