Objective: To assess whether supracervical hysterectomy (SCH) is a reasonable alternative to total abdominal hysterectomy in patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
Methods: We reviewed the records of patients with advanced ovarian cancer who underwent a SCH at one institution between 1993 and 2004 and a similar cohort who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) at the same institution during the same period. Patients without complete surgical staging done at the institution were excluded. Independent-sample t tests, Fisher exact test, and log rank tests were used for statistical analysis.
Results: The study included 47 patients who underwent SCH (mean age, 59.6 years) and 190 who underwent TAH. There were no significant differences between the two groups in age (P=.51), preoperative CA 125 level (P=.55), or receipt of taxane-based and platinum-based chemotherapy (P=.84). Although limited by sample size, there were no significant differences between the two groups in rates of intraoperative complications (4 of 47 in the SCH group, or 8.5%, compared with 7 of 190 in the TAH group, or 3.7%; P=.24), vaginal or cervical recurrence (5 of 47 in the SCH group, or 10.6%, compared with 22 of 190 in the TAH group, or 11.6%; P=1.00), or in progression-free survival (SCH of 1.01 years compared with TAH of 1.19 years; P=.64) or overall survival (SCH of 3.28 years compared with TAH of 3.36 years; P=.12).
Conclusion: Supracervical hysterectomy may be a reasonable alternative to TAH in patients with advanced ovarian cancer.
Level of evidence: II.